Payday loans may seem like a lifesaver when you need money quickly, but high costs and short maturities can trap you in the debt cycle.
Although there is no correct definition of a payday loan, it is usually a short-term loan of a small amount, usually $ 500 or less, that is payable with expenses on the next paycheck.
While payday loans are touted to close the gap between paychecks or emergency help, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau warns that they can become “debt traps.”
Since many borrowers cannot afford a loan plus fees, they even have to pay additional fees to avoid paying off the debt. Thus, they continue to “roll over” or renew their debt until they pay more than they originally borrowed.
How do payday loans work?
Payday loans are known by a variety of names, including cash loans, overdue loans, check loans, and payday loans onlinebut they all work the same way.
To get a payday loan, you may need to write an unpaid check to the lender for the full amount, including any fees. You can also authorize the lender to automatically debit your checking account. After that, the lender usually gives you cash.
The loan is usually due on the next payday, which is usually two to four weeks before. The lender can pay off your check or digitally deduct your bank account if you don’t repay the loan and funding fees on time.
Many states that allow this form of lending place a cap on the amount of money borrowed and the associated costs. Depending on the state, businesses may be allowed to charge $ 10 to $ 30 for every $ 100.
Why do people take payday loans?
Payday loans are an ideal choice for people with bad credit history. This is because the borrower does not need to worry that his credit is inadequate or missing when applying for a loan.
Another potential audience is people with little or no savings. This highlights the huge market potential of payday loans and explains why they are so prevalent. Payday lenders have a set up marketplace as credit problems and lack of funds usually go hand in hand.
While many people can get by with their monthly expenses, in an emergency, cash should be used straight away.
What are the dangers of payday loans?
While payday loans can provide much needed cash, you need to be aware of the risks.
- High annual interest rates
Consider a two-week $ 500 loan with a cost of $ 15 for every $ 100 borrowed – an annual interest rate of about 400%, according to the CFPB.
- Short terms
Payday loan (https://www.paydaylv.com) usually must be repaid within 2-4 weeks after the initial loan is received. Since regulations vary from state to state, double check your state’s laws.
- additional fee
If you do not repay your loan on time, you may be charged additional fees in excess of the original loan fee. Also, if you roll over your loan or re-borrow, these fees will start to accumulate. According to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, about a quarter of original payday loans are re-borrowed nine or more times.
Additional costs may include the following:
- If you do not have enough money in your account when lenders try to cash your check or digitally withdraw money from your account, you will be charged a fee for not enough funds.
- If you do not pay off on time, you will be charged a late payment fee or a chargeback fee from the lender.
- The cost of the renewal is added to the original loan and the first cost of extending the closing date of the loan.
- Will not increase credit
People with bad credit may not be able to get loans on reasonable terms. On the other hand, payday lenders rarely register your credit history with credit bureaus, so a loan will not help you develop credit.
Payday loan alternatives
- Alternative payday loans
You can get private loans at lower interest rates if you belong to or can join a financial institution. For example, members of federal banking institutions can receive payday loans in return for amounts ranging from $ 200 to $ 1,000. They usually have six months or less, a $ 20 application fee, and an annual interest rate of no more than 28%.
- Payment of a check in advance
In some places, your employer is allowed to make a commission-free advance payment. However, this may be up to your company’s decision, so talk to your manager or HR representative about your alternatives.
You can also use smartphone apps that send you cash between paychecks if you meet certain criteria.
Debt settlement can affect your credit as well as help you resolve your debt and start over.
- Personal loans
Personal loans can have high interest rates, but if you need a loan and are not eligible for lower rates, comparison shopping is critical. You may qualify for a slightly higher rate and longer terms than a regular payday lender offers, but you won’t know if you don’t look around.
Look for a lender who is in charge of the major lending agencies when applying for a loan. A good track record of making timely loan payments will help you get a loan and ultimately get a loan with a higher rate.
- Credit counseling
Ultimately, you can work on solving the underlying financial problems that keep you going back to the payday loan shelves. Consider loan advice to help you budget and open an escrow account.
It is sound practice to research and evaluate funding opportunities and think about long-term financial improvements that can help. You can start by defining a budget and a debt repayment strategy.
Payday loans are acceptable but should be taken with care and repaid as soon as possible due to the high interest rates they require.